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In the United States of America, chronic diseases account for a large percentage of all health problems. These chronic diseases include heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer. When it comes to disease prevention, these diseases are not always preventable when connected with poor lifestyle choices that include excessive tobacco use, alcohol consumption, and an inadequate amount of physical activity. Luckily, these diseases can possibly be prevented by adapting a positive and healthy lifestyle change which can help reduce this risk of getting these diseases.
Disease prevention is at times used as a complementary term alongside health promotion. Disease prevention is usually identified with people exhibiting identifiable risk factors, often associated with different risk behaviors. These identifiable risk factors that are associated with the different risk behaviors include high blood pressure, tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke, obesity (high body mass index), physical inactivity, excessive alcohol use, diets low in fruits and vegetables and diets high in sodium and saturated fats. Primary disease prevention is directed towards preventing an occurrence of a chronic disorder from even happening. Secondary and tertiary disease prevention seek to stop or delay an existing disease and its effects through early detection and appropriate treatment; or to reduce the occurrence of relapses and the establishment of chronic conditions through, for example, effective rehabilitation. Good wellness aimed at improving people’s cardiovascular and general health should include the following: tobacco prevention and cessation, regular daily exercise, stress management, early detection/screening of chronic diseases, nutrition education and promotion, weight management and disease management. Applying these practices in wellness to one’s life can help prevent these chronic diseases from occurring and even extend one’s life expectancy indefinitely.